Key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric and zero-emission vehicles
Cite data tool
IEA (2023), Global EV Policy Explorer, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/data-and-statistics/data-tools/global-ev-policy-explorer
The table highlights current as well as announced key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric vehicles (EVs) and zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) by region and country. These policies and measures take a variety of forms, e.g. fuel economy standards, CO2 emissions standards, deployment roadmaps, and sales or stock targets and ambitions.
The policies and measures listed in the table are structured in four types:
- Legislation: legally binding commitments such as regulations and standards.
- Proposals: policies or actions that have been formally proposed and that may form part of a future policy or target.
- Targets: announced government targets, for example those incorporated into legislation, budgetary commitments, national climate plans, or electric vehicle strategies.
- Ambitions: government goals or objectives (also known as unofficial targets) as set out in a policy document such as a deployment roadmap or strategy, often without specific targets.
These policies and measures can be searched across nine different categories:
- LDV: light-duty vehicle (cars and vans)
- M/HDV: medium/heavy-duty vehicle (freight and vocational vehicles)
- EVSE: electric vehicle supply equipment (charging infrastructure)
- 2/3W: two or three wheelers (motorcycles and rickshaws)
- Bus: bus or road public transport policy
- Manufacturing: applies to manufacturing of EVs and related components
- Taxation: applies specifically to duties and taxes
- Multiple: equally applies to multiple categories
This resource was compiled as part of work on the Global EV Outlook annual series, which is the flagship publication of the of the Electric Vehicle Initiative (EVI), a multi-governmental policy forum established in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial. The EVI is dedicated to accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) worldwide by understanding the policy challenges, helping governments address them, and serving as a platform for knowledge sharing. Members of the EVI are shown in bold in the country list.
Abbreviations used in the table: EVs = electric vehicles, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). ZEVs = zero-emissions vehicles, which include BEVs, PHEVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). NEV = new energy vehicle (China); includes BEVs, HEVs, PHEVs and FCEVs. LDV = light-duty vehicle (cars and vans). MDV = medium-duty vehicle. HDV = heavy-duty vehicle. CO2 = carbon dioxide. g CO2/km = grammes of carbon dioxide per kilometre. g CO2/bhp-hr = grammes of carbon dioxide per brake-horsepower hour. kWh = kilowatt-hour. CNG = compressed natural gas. NG = natural gas. LPG = liquefied petroleum gas. ICE = internal combustion engine. ZLEV = zero- or low-emission vehicle.
Year announced may not reflect the first year of the policy due to various updates and differences in how policies are debated and enacted. Though comprehensive, this explorer is not intended to be exhaustive.
Countries are grouped by region as per GEC Model regional groupings.
This document, as well as any data and any map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.
Note by the Republic of Türkiye (Türkiye): The information in this document with reference to Cyprus relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Türkiye recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of United Nations, Türkiye shall preserve its position concerning the Cyprus issue.
Note by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Türkiye. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.