The 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Paris in November and December 2015. 195 participating countries negotiated and adopted the Paris Agreement, which includes objectives to peak greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible, to limit the global average temperature increase above pre-industrial levels to well below 2°C, and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C.
The Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016, requires Parties to put forward their best efforts through “nationally determined contributions” (NDCs). These NDCs represent targets and actions for the post-2020 period.
Ecuador's NDC includes:
- An unconditional goal of reducing 9% of its GHG emissions for the energy, industrial processes, agriculture, and waste sectors; and conditional to international support and cooperation, the commitment goes up to 20.9%.
- In its unconditional contribution, it includes the reduction of associated gas flaring, while in its conditional contribution it also includes the utilization of associated gas for energy generation and LPG generation.
The NDC of Ecuador covers the following greenhouse gases (GHG): CO2, CH4, N2O. The sectors covered by the NDC are: power, agriculture, industry, waste, and LULUCF.