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Interagency Working Group on Mining Reform Fundamental Principles

Last updated: 1 July 2022

The Interagency Working Group on Mining Reform is an interdepartmental consultative group designed to provide guidance on reforming hardrock mining laws, regulations and permitting policies. 
The primary law governing hardrock mining on public lands in the US is the General Mining Law of 1872. The law does not include a requirement for royalties on critical mineral extraction or sale and does not include any environmental, reclamation or financial assurance provisions. Following recommendations made in administration reports on critical minerals and supply chains, the Department of the Interior launched the Interagency Working Group on Mining Reform in early 2022 to support President Biden's vision for the promotion of the sustainable and responsible domestic production of critical minerals.
The Interagency Working Group on Mining Reform released a list of its Fundamental Principles for Domestic Mining Reform in February 2022. The list covers a variety of mining reform objectives, with particular focus on securing a sustainable domestic supply of critical minerals, prioritising recycling, adopting royalties for all minerals extracted from public land, establishing a fully funded hardrock mine reclamation program and providing more certainty and efficiency in the permitting process.
The Interagency Working Group Fundamental Principles for Domestic Mining Reform are the framework for the creation of new or updated laws governing hardrock mining on public lands in the US. 

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