The Spanish government announced the closure of coal mining operations by 31 December 2020 and the redirection of mining subsidies to restructuring coal mining regions. The policy was the result of a deal between the government, unions and the industry to direct EUR 250 million in investments to affected areas. Toward this end, Spain’s 2019 Just Transition Strategy establishes a framework to regulate aid for coal mine closures, aid for exceptional costs and aid to boost mining areas. The work is spearheaded by the Just Transition Institute through Just Transition Agreements with impacted regions. Addressing the detrimental impact of coal mine closures on labour markets is a focal point of the framework and includes measures to promote the development of projects that generate employment and support the construction of related infrastructure, while encouraging the hiring of unemployed workers due to the cessation of mining activities.