Citizen’s Climate Convention in France

Last updated: 2 August 2023

The French Citizen’s Climate Convention was convened by the French president in 2018. The convention was comprised of a panel of 150 randomly selected citizens from across the country who were tasked with defining “measures to achieve the current climate target of 40% greenhouse gas emissions reductions by 2030 compared to 1990, in a spirit of social justice”. The citizens worked intensively for 9 months on the basis of hearings of experts with conflicting opinions and summaries of research (by academic experts, international bodies and NGOs). They were supported by dozens of experts to draft a set of concrete measures. Social dialogue specialists also facilitated the debates within the convention. The Convention and the related Citizen Assembly voted for 149 measures encompassing all sectors related to the ecological transition: mobility, consumption, housing, production and food. The French president committed to implement 146 of the 149 measures. To do so, the government is using different policy instruments: the new law on climate and resilience, which was adopted in August 2021, as well as a range of new regulations, financing instruments, and European and International initiatives.

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