Energy communities in the EU

Last updated: 2 August 2023

Energy communities organise collective and citizen-driven energy actions that support the energy transition by allowing people to team up and take ownership of the energy transition, enhancing public acceptance and the uptake of sustainable energy solutions. The Clean energy for all Europeans package, and more specifically the Directive on common rules for the internal electricity market [(EU)2019/944] and the revised Renewable Energy Directive [2018/2001/EU], have introduced citizen energy communities and renewable energy communities. Energy communities can take any form of legal entity, allow for active consumer participation in generation and use through community ownership models, as well as provide flexibility services through demand response, storage and sale of electricity. 

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