Starting in early 2002, the Government of Botswana in collaboration with Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) implemented a pilot project on PV solar system in 3 villages (Kudumatse, Lorolwana and Motlhabaneng). The project aimed at providing lighting for rural dwellers using PV Solar Home System (SHS) ranging from 50 to 250 Wp.The Botswana Power Corporation monitored implementation, and owned the installed system, charging a monthly fee to the households serviced by the system. A private company, Botswana Solar International Company, installed the solar home systems in all three villages and monitored components performance for the first 12 months.Monthly payments ranged from BPW 40 for a 50Wp system, to BPW 120 for a 250Wp system. A total of 114 systems were installed, of which 42 were repossessed due to non-payment. The pilot projects were designed to gather data to be used when designing rural electrification projects.