The Energy for Rural Transformation Program (ERT) is a World Bank funded multi-sector programme aimed at improving rural household energy access. The programme aims to provide 10% of the rural population with electricity access by 2012. It also seeks to spread Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), improve water sanitation and drinkable water access.
The electricity access section of the project is divided into two main phases: From 2002 to 2009, the programme tackles grid extension in rural areas close to urban centres. From 2009 to 2012, it will legally and ficially support independent producers investing in mini-grid systems supplied by renewable energy projects. Mini-grids will be deployed in concentrated but remote settlements with a potential for electricity use by rural enterprises.
During this phase, the programme will also emphasise solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies by providing installation grants for small PV systems in remote areas, as well as technical assistance and support for business development.
The programme provides grants for the installation of 20 000 Small Solar Home systems and 2 000 large PV systems with a total capacity of around 2 MWp. Funding will also develop 10 000 biogas plants and increase biofuel production nationwide.
In 2007, 3799 Solar Home Systems, 1 928 institutional and 192 commercial PV systems had already been installed.