North America

Energy system of North America

Home to two of the world’s top 10 oil producers (the United States and Canada, with Mexico at No. 11) and the world’s largest natural gas producer (the United States), North America plays a key role in ensuring global energy security. Meanwhile, a wave of support for clean energy deployment has accelerated sustainable transitions within the region and added to momentum globally.

The United States, the world’s second largest energy producer and consumer, continues to develop its extensive fossil fuel resources and has increased oil and gas exports. At the same time, it has mobilised unprecedented levels of government support to boost clean energy industries. As a result, its energy economy is undergoing rapid changes – with renewable generation rising at a record pace.

Canada, which already has notable shares of low-emissions sources in its energy mix, has also strived for a balanced approach between resource development and strengthening its environmental performance. And Mexico, whose energy mix is currently dominated by oil and gas, is substantially increasing electricity generation from renewables as demand for power grows.