This publication has been produced with the financial assistance of the European Union and is part of the EU4Energy programme. This publication reflects the views of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Secretariat but does not necessarily reflect those of individual IEA member countries or the European Union. The IEA makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, in respect to the publication’s contents (including its completeness or accuracy) and shall not be responsible for any use of, or reliance on, the publication.Read more
IEA (2022), Kyrgyzstan 2022, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/kyrgyzstan-2022, License: CC BY 4.0
About this report
This International Energy Agency (IEA) desk study of the energy policies of Kyrgyzstan was conducted under the auspices of the EU4Energy programme, which is being implemented by the IEA, the Energy Community Secretariat and the Energy Charter Secretariat.
Kyrgyzstan’s plentiful water resources make hydropower the country’s most important energy source. In addition, Kyrgyzstan has significant coal deposits, but oil and natural gas resources are marginal, making the country dependent on imports of natural gas, oil and oil products.
The Kyrgyz government’s long-term Sustainable Development Strategy sets out priorities for the evolution of the country’s energy sector through 2040. Key government goals include reducing the country's dependence on hydrocarbon energy sources through further large-scale development of hydropower resources, while also increasing the share of other renewables such as solar, wind and biogas to 10% of the country’s total energy mix.
This report assesses Kyrgyzstan’s energy sector and the related challenges facing the country, proposing policy recommendations to enhance energy policy making, improve energy data collection and strengthen power system security.