IEA (2023), National Reliance on Russian Fossil Fuel Imports, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/national-reliance-on-russian-fossil-fuel-imports, License: CC BY 4.0
About this report
Russia was the world’s largest fossil fuels exporter in 2021, and global energy markets have been thrown into turmoil by the country’s invasion of Ukraine, with major energy security and supply risks worldwide.
The data visualisations included in this report lay out the reliance of various countries on Russian energy imports and how Russian oil, gas and coal imports are being used in different countries to power manufacturing, transportation, residences, and other services and sectors. In doing so, the report highlights which nations and sectors may be most vulnerable to supply-chain disruptions.