Promoting sustainable development and combating climate change have become intertwined aspects of energy planning, analysis and policy making. Energy accounts for two-thirds of total greenhouse gas, so the energy sector is the central player in efforts to reduce emissions and mitigate climate change.
- Helping countries formulate goals and implement actions consistent with net-zero emissions in the energy sector by 2050;
- Supporting energy transitions that put people at the centre and are aligned with the achievement of SDG 7 objectives, including universal access to energy by 2030;
- Sharing insights, reports and expertise to support the First Global Stocktake (GST) after the Paris Agreement, and helping countries reach their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), as well as other energy and climate commitments and long-term objectives;
- Strengthening engagement with key countries and stakeholders through interactions with experts from international organisations, government agencies, the private sector, non-governmental organisations, media and civil society.
The world needs to come together at COP28 – and fund a just energy transition
Even more worryingly, there is a major global divide in the funding needed for the clean energy transition. Emerging and developing economies account for four-fifths of the world’s population, including all 775 million people who lack access to electricity, as well as the 2.4 billion people who lack access to clean cooking fuels. These are also the economies where future emissions will mostly come from – and where the cost of reducing emissions is cheapest. Yet currently, they represent less than half of global investments in clean energy.
For the first time, global demand for each of the fossil fuels will peak in a WEO scenario
Even as demand for fossil fuels falls, energy security challenges will remain since the process of adjustment to changing demand patterns will not necessarily be easy or smooth. For example, the peaks in demand we see based on today’s policies do not remove the need for investment in oil and gas supply, given how steep the natural declines from existing fields often are. At the same time, they underline the economic and financial risks of major new oil and gas projects, on top of their risks for climate change
Global growth in emissions was lower than feared in 2022
Impressive growth of solar PV and wind generation helped prevent around 465 Mt CO2 in power sector emissions. Other clean energy technologies, including other renewables, electric vehicles, and heat pumps, helped prevent an additional roughly 85 Mt CO2. Without this increased growth in clean energy deployment, the annual increase in energy-related emissions would have been almost triple. Emissions reductions also resulted from economic slowdowns, including 155 Mt CO2 from decreases in energy-intensive industrial production, mainly in China, the European Union, Japan, Korea and North America.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy Data Explorer
Understanding the contributions of specific fuels and sectors to GHG emissions associated with combustion of fuels from 1971 to 2021 for over 205 countries and 38 regions
Climate Pledges Explorer
From policy ambition to real action, the IEA’s latest interactive database provides country and regional outlooks on climate commitments and net zero pledges
Now is the time to climate-proof Europe’s economy
Data tool gives fine-grained view of climate vulnerabilities in the energy system and beyond
The Imperative of Cutting Methane from Fossil Fuels
An assessment of the benefits for the climate and health
Net Zero Roadmap: A Global Pathway to Keep the 1.5 °C Goal in Reach
Breakthrough Agenda Report 2023
Financing Clean Energy in Africa
World Energy Outlook Special Report
Implementing Clean Energy Transitions
Focus on road transport in emerging economies
We can’t defeat climate change by investing in a handful of countries. The world needs to come together at COP28 – and fund a just energy transition