Tracking progress is essential to reaching our climate and sustainable development goals. The IEA's Net Zero by 2050 Scenario lays out a narrow but achievable pathway to net zero emissions by mid-century. Accurate and up-to-date indicators are essential to measure how the world is stacking up next to this challenge, and to determine where to channel investment and policy attention.
No single indicator can fully capture the complexity of the global clean energy transition, but the following set of indicators unpack the underlying drivers of energy supply and demand that determine the energy sector’s contribution to CO2 emissions. Taken together, they provide a picture of where we are now, and what trajectories we are on at a global, regional, national and sectoral level.
These indicators build on years of work at the IEA to analyze and chart the energy transition, and the impact of the energy sector on emissions, and provide recommendations and solutions to policy makers based on accurate data and objective analysis. This page provides an entry point into our wide range of reports and data on this critical topic.
Global energy-related emissions rose to a record high
Despite these mostly discouraging developments, the pathway detailed in the Net Zero Emissions by 2050 (NZE) Scenario remains narrow but still achievable. This update to the NZE Scenario offers a comprehensive account of how policymakers and others could respond coherently to the challenges of climate change, energy affordability and energy security.
Global emissions by technology and sector
Electricity production will be led by renewables by 2030
EV's are on the rise
Investment in energy supplies and technologies
Pandemic recovery spending
Public investment in low-carbon research and development
Emissions per capita
Carbon intensity of power generation
Renewables share in electricity generation
Expanding access to electricity
Learn more about energy access in SDG7: Data and Projections.
Share of electricity in final consumption
Hydrogen patents for a clean energy future
A global trend analysis of innovation along hydrogen value chains
Government Energy Spending Tracker
December 2022 update
CO2 storage resources and their development
An IEA CCUS Handbook
The Future of Heat Pumps
Opportunities for Hydrogen Production with CCUS in China
Advancing Decarbonisation through Clean Electricity Procurement
World Energy Outlook 2022
Clean Energy Transitions in the Greater Horn of Africa