World Energy Outlook
The gold standard of energy analysis
About the WEO
Published every year based on objective data and dispassionate analysis, The World Energy Outlook (WEO) provides critical analysis and insights on trends in energy demand and supply, and what they mean for energy security, environmental protection and economic development.
The first WEO was published in 1977 and it has been an annual publication since 1998, with the 2022 edition intended as a handbook for this year’s COP27 climate summit in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. This year’s detailed projections are generated by the IEA’s Global Energy and Climate (GEC) Model, a large-scale simulation tool, developed at the IEA, which builds on over 20 years of modelling experience and is designed to replicate how energy markets function and reflect the latest developments of energy technology. It covers the whole energy system, allowing for a range of analytical perspectives from global aggregates to local details, such as the prospects for a particular technology or the outlook for end-user prices in a specific country or region.
There is no single story about the future of global energy and no long-term IEA forecast for the energy sector. The WEO uses a scenario-based approach to highlight the key choices, consequences and contingencies that lie ahead, and to illustrate how the course of the energy system might be affected by changing some of the key variables, chief among them the energy policies adopted by governments around the world.
The data behind the WEO
The full World Energy Outlook 2022 report (PDF) is provided free of charge. In addition, we are also providing a WEO-2022 Free Dataset that includes global data for all three modelled scenarios (STEPS, APS, NZE) and selected data for key regions and countries.
World Energy Outlook 2022 Free Dataset
WEO-2022 Free Dataset including world aggregated data for all three modelled scenarios (STEPS, APS, NZE), selected data for key regions and countries for 2030, 2040 and 2050, and historical data for 2010, 2020, 2021.
World Energy Outlook 2022 Extended Dataset
WEO-2022 Extended Dataset including more detailed information at regional and country-level for APS, STEPS across projected years (2030, 2035, 2040, 2045, 2050) as well as historical data (2010, 2015, 2020, 2021), Advanced Economies aggregated figures for NZE, and WEO chapters figures, investments, fossil fuel prices, etc.
Emissions from Oil and Gas Operations in Net Zero Transitions
A World Energy Outlook Special Report on the Oil and Gas Industry and COP28
The Future of Heat Pumps
Coal in Net Zero Transitions
Strategies for rapid, secure and people-centred change
Global Energy and Climate Model
Scenario analysis of future energy trends
World Energy Outlook 2022
COP26 climate pledges could help limit global warming to 1.8 °C, but implementing them will be the key
World Energy Outlook 2021
What to expect from the new WEO-2021