This law addresses environmental protection. It states that environmental protection is the responsibility and obligation of every agency, organization, family household and individual.
Moreover, it aims to further a series of environmental goals, including to protect and condition the use of natural resources to an appropriate and cost-efficient manner, and to combine environmental and natural resource protection with the response to climate change.
Chapter II outlines requirements related to environmental protection planning. It states that environment impact assessments must be performed in the preparatory stage of project development, including activities related to mineral extraction in this requirement.
Chapter III concerns environmental protection during the extraction and use of natural resources, including oil and gas undertakings.
Chapter IV, regarding the response to climate change, requires that regulatory bodies examine and inspect developments to verify compliance with regulations on inventorying and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It also addresses the creation and development of carbon credit markets in the country.
Chapter VI, in its section 4, about the protection of the air, defines that all waste gases discharged must be assessed and controlled. Furthermore, facilities that are likely to emit a large amount of industrial gases must register polluting sources, measure, statistically report, inventory and set a database to register the amount, characteristics and properties of their emissions.
Chapter XI, over environmental standards and regulations, mentions technical regulations regarding air quality.
Chapter XII covers environmental monitoring.
Chapter XIII has provisions on environmental reporting.
Chapter XVIII outlines requirements and elements related to inspections and applicable sanctions.