EU Directive 2018/2002 on Energy Efficiency

Last updated: 15 June 2021
In December 2018, the amended Energy Efficiency Directive (EU) 2018/2002 entered into force, updating some specific provisions from the previous directive (Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency) and introducing several new elements. Above all, it establishes a headline EU energy efficiency target for 2030 of at least 32.5% (compared to projections of the expected energy use in 2030), with a clause for a possible upwards revision by 2023. The 32.5?% target for 2030 translates into final energy consumption of 956 Mtoe and/or primary energy consumption of 1,273 Mtoe in the EU-28 in 2030. Under the Regulation on the governance of the energy union and climate action (EU)2018/1999, each EU country is required to establish a 10-year integrated national energy and climate plan (NECP) for 2021-2030, outlining how it intends to contribute to the 2030 targets for energy efficiency, for renewable energy and for greenhouse gas emissions.

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