Indian "Green Railway" by 2030

Source: IEA/IRENA Renewables Policies Database
Last updated: 5 April 2022

India plans to replace its railway system with "green railways" and achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2030. The measures include: 

- electrification of the railways;

- improving energy efficiency of locomotives, trains, and fixed installations;

- acquiring green certification for stations/installations;

- switching to renewable sources of energy.


As of 2020, 100 MW of solar plants capacity have been commissioned on roof-tops of various buildings along with 900 stations, and more plants with a combined capacity of 400 MW were reported to be under different stages of execution.


The electrification target for the year 2020-21 is 7,000 route km, and all routes on BG (Broad Gauge) network are planned to be electrified by December 2023.

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