India plans to replace its railway system with "green railways" and achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2030. The measures include:
- electrification of the railways;
- improving energy efficiency of locomotives, trains, and fixed installations;
- acquiring green certification for stations/installations;
- switching to renewable sources of energy.
As of 2020, 100 MW of solar plants capacity have been commissioned on roof-tops of various buildings along with 900 stations, and more plants with a combined capacity of 400 MW were reported to be under different stages of execution.
The electrification target for the year 2020-21 is 7,000 route km, and all routes on BG (Broad Gauge) network are planned to be electrified by December 2023.