Poland’s just transition for coal workers

Last updated: 2 August 2023

The Polish government and trade union representatives have agreed to phase out coal mining by 2049 under a Social Contract. Under the plan, miners will have the right to relocate from closed mines to those still in operation, or receive an early retirement package equal to 80% of their salaries. Those who decide to leave mining will receive a severance payment of PLN 120 000 (EUR 26 500). The agreement also includes investments of over PLN 16 billion (EUR 3.5 billion) in clean coal technologies. Until 2049, the government will continue to subsidise coal production. In addition to state budgetary outlays, the Polish government expects to receive funds from the EU Just Transition Fund (see below). To qualify for funds, member countries must prepare Territorial Just Transition Plans (TJTPs) that identify the most negatively impacted regions.

Want to know more about this policy ? Learn more