The automotive sector is of particular importance for the EU, providing jobs for more than 12 million people in manufacturing, sales, maintenance and transport. The EU car industry as part of the global automotive sector is currently facing fundamental transformations. Digitalization and automation are altering traditional manufacturing processes. Innovation in electrified power trains, autonomous driving and connected vehicles constitute major challenges which may fundamentally transform the sector. In addition, the share of the EU car market in global sales has declined in the last decade from around a third to around 20%, putting additional pressure on EU industry to reach out to new markets.