Law No. 22/2001 Petroleum and Natural Gas

Last updated: 3 May 2022

Created provisions, to be defined by further regulation, for governing bodies to supervise the upstream and downstream oil and gas sectors in Indonesia, respectively. This ended Pertamina's role as regulator. 


Presidential Regulation No. 9 of 2013 delegated the Special Task Force for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (SKK Migas).


Regulatory Body for Downstream Oil and Natural Gas Business Activities (BPH Migas) governs downstream. 


Law 22 states that businesses must guarantee environmental management, including preventing pollution, restoring damages, and includes post-mining obligations (Art 40). Enables further government regulation to be developed for provisions on working safety and environmental management. 

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