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Pulp & paper

Biomass materials are the main feedstock to the pulp and paper industry. Over the last almost two-decades the sector has experienced a decoupling of energy use from production thanks to energy efficiency improvements and process integration measures.

Pulp Paper Jpg

Key findings

Final energy demand in pulp and paper in the Net Zero Scenario, 2010-2030


Reducing energy use by the pulp and paper industry will require greater recycling and waste heat recovery

Final energy use in pulp and paper grew an average 0.1% annually during 2010-2019, while paper and paperboard output increased 0.3% per year, demonstrating a decoupling of growth in energy consumption from growth in production. In the Net Zero Emissions by 2050 Scenario, energy use increases 0.5% per year to 2030 while annual paper and paperboard production expands 1.5%. This situation will necessitate greater recycling, as recycled production requires considerably less energy. Using a higher share of bioenergy and adopting waste heat recovery technologies will also be important to align with the Net Zero Emissions by 2050 trajectory.